Prof. Jian-Wei Pan - Breaking the Wall to Quantum Engineering?
Date: Monday, September 23, 2020 at 15:30pm (Israel time)
Quantum information science and technology are emerging and fascinating technologies formed by combining coherent manipulating of individual quantum systems and information technology, which enables secure quantum cryptography (quantum communication), super-fast quantum computing, revealing laws of complex physical systems (quantum simulation), and improving measurement precision (quantum metrology) etc., to beat classical limits. This presentation will highlight a few of our progress along quantum communication, quantum computing, quantum simulation and quantum metrology, based on photons and atoms.
For fundamental aspect, one is led to the conception of quantum entanglement when apply quantum superposition principle to multi-party system. The appeared ‘spooky action at a distance’ phenomena referred by Einstein, is often explained by seemingly reasonable assumptions of "local realism”. The inequalities proposed by John Bell and others provide immediate tests for correctness of quantum mechanics. Many efforts are addressing loophole-free tests of Bell inequalities, which tries to close various loopholes, in which some of loopholes are still needed to be addressed including freedom of choice loophole, the collapse locality loophole. Well, the final test is on-going, many developed ground-breaking technologies for coherent manipulation of quantum systems offers elegant and feasible solutions for satisfying increasing needs of computational power and information security. Based on state-of-the-art fiber technology and rich fiber resources, we have managed to achieve prevailing quantum communication with realistic devices in real-life situation. This constitutes demonstrations by developing decoy state scheme over 100km firer, extending its employment in the metropolitan area network, as well as maintaining Measurement Device Independent QKD (MDI-QKD) over 400km. At the meantime, we are also developing practically useful quantum repeaters that combine entanglement swapping, entanglement purification, efficient and long-lived quantum memory for the ultra-long distance quantum communication. Another complementing route is to attain global quantum communication based on satellite. We have spent the past decade in performing systematic ground tests for satellite-based quantum communications. Our efforts finally ensure a successful launch of the Micius satellite. Three major scientific missions have been finished, which includes achieving QKD between satellite and ground station at thousand kilometer scale, achieving satellite-based entanglement distribution between two ground stations separated by a distance of 1200 km, achieving quantum teleportation from ground to satellite over 1400 km. Very recently, using Micius satellite as a trustful relay, the intercontinental QKD between Beijing and Vienna over a distance of 7600 km has also been realized.
In the areas of optical quantum information processing, we have maintaining a series of technological advances for generating, manipulating and applications of multi-photon entanglement. Over the past decade, we have performed proof-of-principle demonstrations for a number of key quantum algorithms including the Grover’s searching algorithm, Shor's factoring algorithms, quantum machine learning, topological quantum error correction, and particularly a recent photonic quantum computer to solve the Boson sampling problem.
Future Prospects include building a global quantum communication infrastructure with satellite and fiber networks, quantum computing by employing manipulating coherently more than 50 qubits to exceed the simulating power of the current best supercomputers and reaching “quantum supremacy”, Bell-test experiment with human-observer at a distance on the order of one light-second.